Nouns. Types of Nouns

Nouns in English are words that are naming either an idea, thing, quality, place or person. They can be either in plural or singular form, and they most of the time need a determiner or article in order to exist in a sentence. It’s important to note that adjectives can be used to describe nouns and, maybe the interesting thing is that the English language has more nouns than verbs or any other kind of word.

 Here you have some examples of English nouns: Time, year, day, company, car, pumpkin, dog, world, life, work and many others. As you can see, nouns in English are diverse and you do need to integrate them into a phrase in order for it to make sense. However, there are many uses when it comes to English nouns, as they can appear in a phrase either as a complement, object, subject or as a preposition, depending on the situation. There are a few situations in which nouns can be used in order to describe other nouns, such as “rugby ball” for example. In some situations you can find verb forms that are used like nouns, and these are called verbal nouns.

 

1. Abstract nouns refer to something that cannot be physically done or an intangible concept. Abstract nouns are concepts, ideas, state of mind, traits, quality or feeling. You cannot experience an abstract noun with your five senses. 

Sentence: Send them my love. (Love is a thing that exists).

 

2. Collective nouns is a name given to a group. For example a team of players, pack of thieves, staff of employees, tribe of natives, or a flock of birds, hive of bees or group of islands.

Sentence: A pack of thieves stole my car.

 

3. Common nouns are generic nouns. They name people, places and things or ideas that are not specific. Examples are shoe, dog, cat, city, woman, and man. They do not need to start with a capital letter unless they are at the beginning of a sentence.

Sentence: The woman too over the business.

 

4. Compound nouns are made up of two or more words. Examples are haircut applesauce, dishrag, or tablecloth. 

Sentence: I put the tablecloth on the wrong table.

 

5. concrete nouns is something that physically exists or something you can perceive with the five senses. Concrete nouns can be names of people or actually things like a cat or dog, chocolate or milk.

Sentence: My cat drank my chocolate milk (in this case, chocolate is an adjective and describes the milk).

 

6. Countable/Uncountable nouns are nouns that can be counted by adding an “s” at the end like poem/poems, paper/papers, light/lights or Sam/Sams. Uncountable nouns cannot be counted or do not have an “s” at the end of the world. These are milk, rice, hair, or mice (there is no such word as rices, mices, or really even milks).

Sentence: The mice ran up the clock.

 

7. Gerunds are a little tricky. Gerunds is a noun formed by taking a erb and adding the suffix “ing.” For example the gerund form of give is giving, talk is talking, and run is running.

Sentence: Running away from punishment is not cool

 

8. Plural nouns are just what they sound like. These refer to roe than one person, place, thing or idea. They usually end in an “s” and include worlds like boxes, roads, desks, chairs, or televisions. 

Sentence: Boxes lined the walls of the attic.

 

9. Predicate nouns are nouns that follow linking verbs. For example: The play is a comedy. Mary is a girl. Mrs. Smith is the principle.

 

10. Proper nouns are specific people, places, things or ideas. They always are capitalized. Some proper nouns are Christianity, London, Mary Smith, or McDonalds. 

Sentence: London is a great place to visit.

 

Singular/Plural nouns Each noun has a different form based on what it wants to display and accomplish. Some nouns have only a singular version, but there are also some with only a plural version. In order to add a plural for most of the nouns, you will need to add “s”, such as in the case of “pencils” for example. If the noun ends in x, ch or s, then you need to add “es”. The same can be said by those nouns who end in “f” or “fe”, in this case the “f” turns into “v”.

 

Possessive Case nouns These nouns are showing possession over a certain item, and this is shown mostly by adding “of” or by adding “'s” (or just '), depending on the situation. Example: “my mother's garden”.

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