Verbs.Types of Verbs

1. Definition and function of verbs

In English, the verb shows the action, state, occurrence in a sentence, being the principal part of the predicate. The function of the verbs is to describe the action, conditions, or state regarding to the subject. They state is something happened, is happening or will happen in the future.



2. Action Verbs

The action verbs represent the action, whether it is done by a person, an animal, or an object. Anything that might do something will be described by this verb. So they show what something or someone is doing. Here are some sentences presenting the actions of the subjects. 

The ball is rolling on the ground.

Mike is running in the park.

The cat is eating its food.



3. Transitive Verbs

Be careful about transitive verbs, because they will represent an action. But the main characteristic is that the action of the verb must have a direct object that will receive it. This direct object may be either a person or a thing. So the transitive verbs is an action verbs with a direct object. Below are some examples of sentences with these verbs.

You kicked the ball on the field. (“kicked” is the action verb and “the ball” is the direct object)

I painted the walls in blue. (“painted” is the action verb and “the walls” is the direct object).

Mother is washing the dishes. (“washing” is the action verb and “the dishes” is the direct object).



4. Intransitive Verbs

The intransitive verb is easy to be recognized because, unlike the transitive verb, it won’t have a direct object to address the action. So the intransitive verbs are action verbs with no direct object. Here are a few sentences with the use of these verbs. 

Anna sneezed powerful at the sight of sun.

He walked in the classroom after the course started. 

I am sitting on the chaise long, sipping from by cocktail.



5. Dynamic Verbs

These verbs will always describe an action. As the name suggests, they are dynamic, so they are focused on actions and not on states, showing what is going on in the sentence. Here are a few examples of dynamic verbs.

My sister is running after the dog.

The bird is singing up in the tree.

Mom cooks a delicious dinner.



6. Stative Verbs

These verbs are the opposite of the dynamic verbs. If the other ones concentrated on actions, the stative verbs describe states. They represent thoughts, feelings, or states of mind. Here are some sentences depicting stative verbs. 

I love swimming. 

My brother prefers chocolate chip cookies.

I hate when it rains outside.



7. Linking Verbs

The linking verbs will not represent an action, but as the name suggests they will make a connection. They link the subject of the sentence with other details about it in the sentence. Here are some examples that will make you understand the use of linking verbs.

My dogs are sleeping on the couch. (“are” is not an action, but it links the subject “my dogs” with something they do)

Eating that piece of spoiled pizza turned Alison’s stomach upside down. (“turned” connects the subject “pizza” with the way Alison started to feel in the sentence). 

I always feel full after eating too much. (“feel” connects the subject “I” with the state described in sentence).

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